The Hebrew name Lod appears in the bible as a town of Benjamin, founded by Shamed or Shamer (1 Chronicles 8:12; Ezra 2:33; Nehemiah 7:37; 11:35). In the New Testament it appears as its Greek form, Lydda. The city also finds reference in an Islamic Hadith, as the location of the battlefield where Dajjal (the anti-Christ) will be slayed before the Day of Judgment. Pottery finds have dated the city's initial settlement to 5600–5250 BC. The earliest written record is in a list of Cannanite towns drawn up by the Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III at Karnak in 1465 B.C.
Emmaus Nicopolis, meaning Emmaus city of victory, was renown for its reference in the New Testament as the location of Jesus’ appearance after his death and subsequent resurrection. The name of the city was Hellenized in the 2nd century BC (Nicopolis). The name of the city (Emmaus) is believed to originate from the Hebrew word “hammat”, meaning hot springs. Emmaus is also referenced in the Midrash for Song of Songs 6,8, Lamentations 1,45, and Ecclesiastes 7, 15.
PHOENICIA, Sidon. Julia Maesa. Augusta, AD 218-224/5. Æ 31mm Draped bust right / Car of Astarte: cult xoanon, flanked on either side by small figure, within ornate tetrastyle canopy, set on two-wheeled base; four palms emerging from roof of structure. AUB 283; SNG Copenhagen 264 (Author's collection)
PHOENICIA, Tyre. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. Æ 28mm Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Tyche-Astarte standing facing, touching trophy to left and holding scepter; small palm tree between; to right, Nike standing left on basis, preparing to crown goddess with wreath; murex between. Rouvier 2350; AUB 230; BMC 397. (Author's collection)
PHOENICIA, Ace-Ptolemais Mark Antony 42-31 B.C. 25mm, 8.12g Dated CY 11 (39-38 B.C.) Obv: Bare hd. of emp. r. within laurel wreath Rev: Tyche Soteiros (Fortuna Redux) or Tyche Euploea, “Good Sailing” stdg on galley prow, hldg aplustre & rudder, cornucopia & palm ΠTOΛ[E]/MAЄ[ΩN]/IEP[AΣ]; KAI AΣY to left; L IA (date) Ref: RPC I 4740; Kadman, Akko 73 (Author's collection) - Beginning in the Caesarian period (circa 49/8 BC or 48/7 BC) the city of Ace resumed the name of Ptolemais, which recalled an association with Ptolemaic Egypt. Following his rapprochment with Octavian at Tarentum in 38 BC, Antony was given command of Rome’s eastern territories: the city of Ptolemais with its large harbor made it a particularly strategic site, providing a base of supply from which Antony could move north from Alexandria to take control of Cilicia and Syria. As the CY date places this coin within the period of his return to the east from Italy and features a portrait of Antony framed by a wreath of olive on the obverse and the figure of Tyche Euploea, or “Good Sailing” on its reverse, it may signify the Triumvir’s successful arrival at the port city to inspect its works following the peace established with Octavian.
JUDAEA, Caesaraea Paneas. Caesonia, with Julia Drusilla. Augusta, AD 39-41. Æ 18mm Dated RY 5 of Agrippa I (AD 40-1). Draped bust of Caesonia left, wearing hair in long plait; Drusilla standing facing, head right, holding Nike and branch. RPC 4977; Meshorer 117. Extremely rare. (Author's collection)
JUDAEA, Caesarea Panias Agrippina and Octavia (50-59 AD and 54-62 AD) Æ 18mm, 7.12g Obv: Agrippina Junior seated left, holding branch and cornucopia; crescent to left Rev: Octavia standing left, sacrificing from phiale over altar Ref: Meshorer 353 var. (no crescent); Hendin 1269 var. / corr. (same); RPC I 4845 corr. (5 specimen cited) (Author's collection)
JUDAEA, Roman Administration. Diva Poppaea and Diva Claudia. Died 65 CE and 63 CE, respectively. Æ 18mm. Caesarea Panias mint. Struck 65-68 CE. Distyle temple set upon high podium, containing statue of Diva Poppaea seated left / Hexastyle temple set upon high podium, containing statue of Diva Claudia left on basis. Meshorer 354; Hendin 1270; Sofaer 87; RPC I 4846 (Author's collection)
ROME. Hadrian 117-138 A.D. AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm, Ephesus mint. Struck circa 128-132 A.D. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, bare head right; DIA-NA across field, EPHESIA in exergue, cult statue of Diana (Artemis) Ephesia standing front within tetrastyle temple, three tables in pediment. RIC II 475a; Metcalf, Cistophori, type 18, 82; BMCRE p. 393; RSC 538a (Author's collection)
IONIA. Ephesus. Hadrian, 117-138. Pentassarion (Bronze, 34 mm, 23.92 g, 6 h), circa 130-138. AΔPIANOC KAICAP OΛYMΠIOC Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian to right, wearing aegis on left shoulder. Rev. EΦECIΩN Tetrastyle temple with Ionian capitals standing facing on two steps, enclosing cult statue of Diana of Ephesus with polos on head and fillets hanging from wrists; pediment decorated with two figures raising their right and left hand toward central disk; in angles, two recumbant figures. RPC III 2073
JUDAEA, Gaza. Hadrian. 117-138 CE. Æ 32mm Dated CY 193; Epidemia 4/3 (132/3 CE). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Artemis, drawing arrow and holding bow, standing right, and Marnas, holding cornucopias, standing left; all within distyle temple; floral element in pediment; Δ/Γ EΠI Γ(qoppa)P (partially ligate) (date) in exergue. Meshorer, City Coins 56; SNG ANS 922-3; Rosenberger 66 (Authors collection)
Joppa, Judaea. Diadumenian as Caesar (AD 218). Æ 25mm (10.75 gm, 6h). Bare-headed and draped bust right / IO-Π-Π-HC, Tyche standing left, holding globe (or bust?) and scepter, within tetrastyle temple. Rosenberger -. SNG Copenhagen -. BMC -. Extremely rare and apparently unrecorded! Dark green patina with red earthen fields. ex. Dr. Patrick Tan Collection (Author's collection)
JUDAEA, Joppa. Severus Alexander. 222-235 A.D. Æ 18mm Draped bust of Severus Alexander r., laureate/ AYT KA[...] / Athena standing r., resting her l. on long spear and her r. on shield; ΦΛ ΙΟΠΠΗC (Flavia Joppa). Ros. 9. BMC Palestine 1 (as Elagabalus). Sofaer pl. 44, 20 Rosenberger 11 (Author's collection)
JUDAEA, Joppa. Severus Alexander. 222-235 A.D. Æ 18mm Draped bust of Severus Alexander r., laureate/ AYT KA[...] / Athena standing l., resting her l. on long spear and her r. on shield; ΦΛ ΙΟΠΠΗC (Flavia Joppa). Ros. 9. BMC Palestine 1 (as Elagabalus). Sofaer pl. 44, 20 Rosenberger 11 (Author's collection)