Seven Wonders of the World - The Pharos Lighthouse
Although most people know that a list exists of the Seven World Wonders, only few can name them. The list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World was originally compiled around the second century BC. The first reference to the idea is found in Herodotus' "History" (5th cent. B.C.). Decades later Greek historians wrote about the greatest monuments at the time. Calimachus of Cyrene (305-240 B.C.), Chief Librarian of the Alexandria Mouseion, wrote "A Collection of Wonders around the World". All we know about the collection is its title, for it was destroyed with the Alexandria Library. The final list of the Seven Wonders was compiled during the Middle Ages. The most widely referenced list includes the following "Wonders". 1 - The Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) in Giza, 2 - Hanging Gardens of Babylon, 3 - The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, 4 - The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, 5 - The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, 6 - The Colossus at Rhodes, and finally, 7 - The Lighthouse at Alexandria. A number of fine examples from Alexandria are listed below.